I completed my BA (Political Science) at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario. After some work and travel I completed a Masters (Political Studies) at the University of Manitoba and later a Doctorate (Political Science) at Carleton University. My specializations are Canadian and Comparative politics and political economy. My teaching career began in the Maritimes at the University of Prince Edward Island and then Acadia Univesity in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Later I worked at Simon Fraser University and UBC in Vancouver, as well as McGill and Concordia Universities in Montreal. Before coming to Vancouver Island University he taught primarily in the Department of Political Science and Centre for Canadian Studies at Simon Fraser University.
I have written on social democracy, North American integration, Manitoba Politics, Canadian responses to 9/11 and hydro-electricity energy policy. I have also coauthored two books, The Politcal Economy of Canada 2nd Ed (1999) with Michael Howlett and M. Ramesh, and In/Security: Canada in the Post-9/11 World (2005) with Allan Seager and Karl Froschauer.
At VIU I teach courses in Canadian and comparative politics, political economy and public policy.